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What is prostate cancer?
When should a man be screened for prostate cancer?
The American Urological Association recommends men have a prostate cancer screening one time during the decade when they are in their 40s. AUA recommends annual screening after age 50. Your doctor will take into consideration your age, overall health and risk factors. If you have a family history of prostate cancer or are of African-American descent, you may have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
What is PSA?
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is an enzyme released into the blood by cells from a man's prostate gland.
What does the PSA test indicate?
The PSA test only shows whether or not you have an elevated PSA level. As you age, the prostate gets bigger. In fact, more than one-half of men older than 50 have an enlarged prostate. If a higher than average PSA level is found in your blood, it could be an indication of an infection, inflammation, bladder stones, prostate enlargement or cancer.
How is prostate cancer diagnosed and treated?
A biopsy is performed to diagnose prostate cancer. Because this cancer generally grows slowly and often stays confined within the prostate gland, some patients may be a candidate for active surveillance. Removing the prostate, freezing the prostate, and radiation therapy are the most common modalities used for treatment of prostate cancer.
Dr. Andrew Horowitz, a urologist with advanced skills in robotic surgery, is located at Sanford Clinic in Bismarck. Horowitz completed his undergraduate degree at Johnson & Wales University in Providence, R.I., post baccalaureate courses at Columbia University at New York, and a medical degree at Brown Medical School in Providence, R.I. He completed a urology residency at Case Western Reserve University Hospital Urology Institute in Cleveland.